Age Spots & Sun Damage

Hyperpigmentation (brown spots), occurs when your body produces an excess amount of melanin, which is the pigment portion of your skin. It results in brown spots, age spots, freckles, or patches of darkened skin. This overproduction of melanin affects people of all skin colors and is most often seen on those areas of the body that are exposed to the sun (face, chest, and hands).

 Some common causes of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Sun exposure

  • Hormonal changes as a result of pregnancy, oral contraceptives,
    or hormone replacement therapies

  • Trauma to the skin cause by acne, burns, or surgical procedures

Treatments that we might recommend include:

Skin care products and creams- We will determine at the time of your consultation if it is appropriate to use any of our products that are designed to slowly “bleach” hyperpigmented skin conditions. Hydroquinone 4%- is a prescription ingredient that works by inhibiting the production of melanin, the pigmented portion of skin. Hydroquinone 4% can be used alone, or in conjunction with other aiding products. The Obagi Nu-Derm system is a complete skin care product line that reduces brown pigmentation, and improves the support structures in skin such as collagen and elastin. It works to improve the skin’s ability to renew itself for improved texture, even color, and firmness.

Microdermabrasions and Peels- A series of microdermabrasion treatments or glycolic peels can mildly improve pigmentation problems and uneven tones. It works by gently exfoliating the top layer of the skin, to improve color, texture, and pore size. Deeper peels like TCA or the Obagi Blue Peel penetrate to deeper levels of the skin to remove even more of the sun damage, age spots, and pigmentation problems.

Laser Treatments- Our lasers can treat a full range of pigmented lesions (from a few isolated freckles or brown spots to larger café-au-lait spots). We offer individual brown spot removal treatments, or for large areas like the entire face or chest we have our Photo Laser Facial Treatments.

Watch Dr. Rajagopal perform a Photofacial treatment:

*Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed and may vary from person to person.

If you have any questions regarding treatments for brown spots, or wish to schedule a consultation, please call the San Francisco Plastic Surgery & Laser Center at 415-392-3333.